The FTSE 100 and other global stock markets have rallied sharply on growing hopes of a coronavirus vaccine – building on gains in reaction to Joe Biden’s US election victory.
The FTSE hit its highest level since August after US drug firm Pfizer announced that early data from phase three trials showed its vaccine was more than 90% effective against COVID-19.
It followed overnight gains in Asia, where Japan’s Nikkei hit a 29-year high, after the confirmation of the US election result over the weekend which also bolstered values across Europe.
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The FTSE closed 276 points or 4.7% up at 6,186 while the CAC in Paris was more than 7% higher – both coming off the boil slightly late in Monday’s session.
In New York, the S&P 500 opened in record territory in reaction to the vaccine developments.
The update on the Pfizer-BioNTech trial raises hopes that economic damage from the coronavirus crisis can be limited if populations can be widely protected.
However many tech stocks, which have hit record values this year as more people work and shop from home, were damaged.
Shares in video call operator Zoom, for example, were down 18% at the open with the wider tech-focused Nasdaq just 1% higher.
In the FTSE’s case, airline and energy stocks were the big winners while Ocado shares were almost 12% lower.
It marked its biggest daily surge for the FTSE 100 since March with £70bn added to the collective market value of its constituent companies. However, it remains 18% down on where it started the year.
Pfizer rival AstraZeneca is the most valuable company on the index.
Its shares lost 2% while Pfizer’s were 8% ahead in the US.
The domestically-focused FTSE 250 closed 5.2% higher.
Commodities also spurted with copper costs surging 29% while a barrel of Brent crude oil was 8% up.
Mr Biden’s defeat of Donald Trump contributed as it eased investor fears about a continuation of a damaging trade war between the US and China, the world’s two biggest economies.
President Trump said of Pfizer’s announcement via Twitter: “STOCK MARKET UP BIG, VACCINE COMING SOON. REPORT 90% EFFECTIVE. SUCH GREAT NEWS!”.
Neil Wilson, chief markets analyst at Markets.com, said of the rally: “Whilst we are not there yet, news that this vaccine could be highly effective is the best thing markets could hope for.
“Public health officials will remind us there is a long road ahead, and many challenges will be faced along the way, but there is an enormous sense of optimism today.”
Asia trading concluded ahead of the vaccine boost.
The Nikkei and China’s Shanghai Composite were each up by about 2% while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng and South Korea’s Kospi each added just over 1%.
In London, the mood was also helped by an upbeat profit outlook from house builder Taylor Wimpey, which cited a quicker than expected recovery in the market from its coronavirus-induced slump.
That lifted its shares by 12%, pushing it to the top of the FTSE 100 risers’ board, and also propelling rivals such as Barratt and Persimmon higher.
Markets had already enjoyed a strong run last week as it looked increasingly likely that Mr Biden was on course to amass enough electoral college votes to defeat Mr Trump.
That had helped them to recover after a recent period when sentiment has been weakened by fears about the impact of rising coronavirus cases and new lockdowns.
Hopes that the new US administration can enact a fresh round of economic stimulus have been dampened by the likelihood that Congress will remain divided.
But on the other hand the absence of a “blue wave” sweeping Democrats to power in both the White House and the Senate means investors seem less likely to have to worry about higher taxes and tougher regulation for some big companies.
There is also the expectation that the US Federal Reserve, America’s central bank, will continue to provide much-needed monetary policy help to the coronavirus-battered economy.
The Fed has already cut interest rates and pumped trillions of dollars into the economy.